VWAP gives traders a rounded-off representation of a security’s price over time

The amount of shares purchased multiplied by the share price, then divided by the total number of shares purchased, yields the volume-weighted average price, a trading indicator.

Fundamentally, it determines the stock’s average price based on the number of shares that were exchanged at different prices, and it does so generally within a single day.

The formula for the Volume-Weighted Average Pricing

The ideal VWAP algorithm would consider each Trade executed throughout the trading session. Given such figures, the VWAP formula would appear as follows:

A sum of (Price * Volume for each Trade)

Total Volume

Yet, trade-by-trade information is not usually accessible. Thus, traders can utilize the so-called “typical price” as a shortcut.

The average high, low, and closing prices during an intraday period are the usual. The standard pricing formula is:

High + Low + Close


The typical price is multiplied by the volume each time (traders often choose 1-minute or 5-minute intervals). The VWAP formula is created by dividing that amount by the entire volume for the day up to that point:

A sum of (Typical Price * Volume)

Sum of Volume

Understanding Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP)

VWAP = (Cumulative (Price * Volume)) / (Cumulative Volume) This average price concerning volume compares the current price to a benchmark, which aids investors in determining when to enter and exit the market throughout the day. It is the total average price concerning the volume of the security. Managers of hedge funds and mutual funds utilize this pricing to manage portfolios and buy a large number of shares at that price without significantly influencing the market. To maximize their profit while simultaneously keeping a portion of the average, they purchase below the average and sell above it.

How Important Is the Volume-Weighted Average Price?

VWAP gives traders a rounded-off representation of a security’s price over time (adjusted for volume). Institutional traders use it to control how drastically their trades will affect the security price they seek to purchase or sell.

To prevent artificially inflating the price of the securities, a hedge fund can decide not to submit a purchase order for a price higher than the VWAP. Also, it could refrain from placing orders that are too much below the VWAP so that its selling does not drive down the price.

Applying the VWAP

Like a moving average line, the VWAP may be employed. A price downturn is indicated by a dropping VWAP, while a rising VWAP shows an upward price trend. Since it continues to recalculate every minute starting at 9:30 am EST, traders frequently use it as a support and resistance line. Open till EST 4:00. Close.


When a stock ends considerably higher, but the low volume suggests the average price paid was significantly lower, VWAP is very helpful. This is evidence of less liquidity rather than an increase in demand. A seasoned trader may decide to sell short in anticipation of a reversion to VWAP or wait for one to occur before buying shares.